kNN Hashing with Factorized Neighborhood Representation

Kun Ding, Chunlei Huo, Bin Fan, Chunhong Pan. ICCV 2015


Hashing is very effective for many tasks in reducing the processing time and in compressing massive databases. Although lots of approaches have been developed to learn data-dependent hash functions in recent years, how to learn hash functions to yield good performance with acceptable computational and memory cost is still a challenging problem. Based on the observation that retrieval precision is highly related to the kNN classification accuracy, this paper proposes a novel kNN-based supervised hashing method, which learns hash functions by directly maximizing the kNN accuracy of the Hamming-embedded training data. To make it scalable well to large problem, we propose a factorized neighborhood representation to parsimoniously model the neighborhood relationships inherent in training data. Considering that real-world data are often linearly inseparable, we further kernelize this basic model to improve its performance. As a result, the proposed method is able to learn accurate hashing functions with tolerable computation and storage cost. Experiments on four benchmarks demonstrate that our method outperforms the state-of-the-arts.